Your septic tank biomat is an important part of the overall septic tank system. It helps the system to process waste before it reaches the groundwater and exits your septic tank system. But it can also be one of the sources of potential septic system failure. Here is a guide to understanding your septic tank biomat, so that you can help to protect the system.
Septic tank biomat is made from a variety of bacteria that grow in your septic tank runoff. Over time, a colony of bacteria will form a layer of sludge in your drain field that is semi permeable. When new septic tank waste runs into the drain field, it will encounter the biomat. Some bacteria will be digested by the biomat before the water trickles down into the groundwater. This process helps to make septic tanks safe; it keeps contaminants within the drain field.
This is a naturally occurring process, and it is not without its kinks. The sludge layer will not be able to digest a large amount of solids quickly. When a lot of solids flow into the drain field, it may cause clogs in the biomat. Over time, little clogs that prevent water from draining smoothly will slow down the rate at which your septic tank empties itself. In time, if the problem isn't corrected, it can lead to septic tank backup and failure.
What You Can Do
Septic tank pumping is one critical way to keep your biomat and rain field safe. If you remove the solids directly at the septic tank, then they won't flow into your drain field; this will place less pressure on the biomat to process large amounts of solids. You can also keep solid levels manageable by not adding unnecessary solids into your tank in the first place. Things like cigarette butts and sanitary products should be put in the garbage and not flushed into the septic tank.
The types of materials that you put down your drain can affect the health of the bacteria in your biomat. Flushing good bacteria, such as buttermilk or live culture yogurt, is recommended by some septic tank companies, since it can promote the growth of good bacteria that help to break down the waste. On the flip side, flushing harsh cleaning chemicals down your drain will kill of some of the bacteria that keep your biomat functional.
For more information, contact professionals like Parrish Portable & Septic
When we first purchased our home in the mountains, I had no idea what I was up against. Whenever we would visit, I was surprised to see and smell the way that the property had changed. I realized that the vacation home always smelled like sewage, and it was really worrisome. I knew that I needed to do something to make things right, so I started looking into the plumbing system. I discovered that we had a septic tank, and that it needed to be pumped. This blog is all about troubleshooting septic system problems so that you can keep your place clean and sanitary.